AvatarStudio: Text-driven Editing of 3D Dynamic Human Head Avatars

ACM Transactions on Graphics
(Proceedings of SIGGRAPH Asia 2023)
* Indicates equal contribution


Capturing and editing full head performances enables the creation of virtual characters with various applications such as extended reality and media production. The past few years witnessed a steep rise in the photorealism of human head avatars. Such avatars can be controlled through different input data modalities, including RGB, audio, depth, IMUs and others. While these data modalities provide effective means of control, they mostly focus on editing the head movements such as the facial expressions, head pose and/or camera viewpoint. In this paper, we propose AvatarStudio, a text-based method for editing the appearance of a dynamic full head avatar. Our approach builds on existing work to capture dynamic performances of human heads using neural radiance field (NeRF) and edits this representation with a text-to-image diffusion model. Specifically, we introduce an optimization strategy for incorporating multiple keyframes representing different camera viewpoints and time stamps of a video performance into a single diffusion model. Using this personalized diffusion model, we edit the dynamic NeRF by introducing view-and-time-aware Score Distillation Sampling (VT-SDS) following a model-based guidance approach. Our method edits the full head in a canonical space, and then propagates these edits to remaining time steps via a pretrained deformation network. We evaluate our method visually and numerically via a user study, and results show that our method outperforms existing approaches. Our experiments validate the design choices of our method and highlight that our edits are genuine, personalized, as well as 3D- and time-consistent.




BibTeX, 1 KB

author = {Mendiratta, Mohit and Pan, Xingang and Elgharib, Mohamed and Teotia, Kartik and R, Mallikarjun B and Tewari, Ayush and Golyanik, Vladislav and Kortylewski, Adam and Theobalt, Christian},
title = {AvatarStudio: Text-Driven Editing of 3D Dynamic Human Head Avatars},
year = {2023},
issue_date = {December 2023},
publisher = {Association for Computing Machinery},
address = {New York, NY, USA},
volume = {42},
number = {6},
issn = {0730-0301},
url = {https://doi.org/10.1145/3618368},
doi = {10.1145/3618368},
journal = {ACM Trans. Graph.},
month = {dec},
articleno = {226},
numpages = {18},
keywords = {neural rendering, 3D dynamic human head avatar, diffusion model, text-driven editing}



This work was supported by the ERC Consolidator Grant 4DReply (770784).


For questions, clarifications, please get in touch with:
Mohit Mendiratta

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